Anemone Bulbs

 Anemone blanda

Anemone blanda
Common name: Grecian windflower

Anemone coronaria
Common name: De Caen anemone, Florist anemone, Poppy anemone

About Anemone Bulbs

Two of the 120 species of the genus Anemone are sold as bulbs, although they are actually corms. Both Anemone blanda and Anemone coronaria are native to the Mediterranean region. Anemona coronaria have been grown as a garden flower in Europe since the sixteenth century. The most popular cultivar is named after the city of Caen, in the Normandy region of France, where they were first cultivated. Today it is often grown commercially for sale to florists.

Anemone blanda has also been grown in gardens for several centuries. Many heirloom varieties are still in cultivation today.

Description

 Anemone blanda

Anemone blanda

These spring-blooming bulbs have daisy-like flowers in blue, purple, pink, or white. The foliage is fern-like. The plant grows three to nine inches tall and has a spread of three to six inches.

Anemone coronaria

These bulbs bloom for two to three weeks in late spring in zones 7 to 10, where they are winter-hardy. They can be planted in the spring for bloom throughout the summer in colder areas. The poppy-like flowers are red, blue, or white. The plant grows from a basal rosette and the individual flowers have stems of about eighteen inches. Each bulb produces multiple stems.

Scientific Classification

 Anemone coronaria

Kingdom - Plantae
Division - Magnoliophyta
Class - Magnoliopsida
Order - Ranunculales
Family - Ranunculaceae
Genus - Anemone

Cultivation

Anemone blanda
These bulbs are hardy in zones 5 to 9, where they should be planted in fall for spring bloom. They will grow in full sun to shade, and they naturalize easily. They should be kept moist throughout their growing season. They are adaptable to a variety of soil types. Soak the tubers in water for eight to ten hours before planting. Plant two inches apart and about three inches deep.

Anemone coronaria
These bulbs are hardy in zones 7 to 10, where they will naturalize easily. They do best in light shade in these warm areas. They should be planted in well-drained, humus-rich soil, and are adaptable to a wide range of pH levels and soil types. Soak the tubers for about twelve hours before planting. Plant two or three inches deep and about eight inches apart.

In colder areas, de Caen anemones can be planted in spring after danger of frost is past. They prefer full sun in colder areas. The tubers can be lifted and dried in the fall.

These are fast-growing flowers, so a sequence of plantings will result in all-summer bloom. Plant in April for June and July flowering and plant in June for September flowering.

Uses

Anemone blanda
These bulbs are an excellent source of early spring color in a woodland garden, perennial border, or rock garden. They are a good underplanting for tulips and can be naturalized in the lawn.Anemone coronaria
These bulbs are great in flower borders or grown in containers. They are an excellent cut flower. De Caen anemones are also a good choice for a butterfly garden.

Varieties to Grow

Anemone blanda 'Blue Star' - blue
Anemone blanda 'Rosea' - pink
Anemone blanda 'White Splendour' - white
Anemone coronaria 'De Caen Blue Poppy' - blue
Anemone coronaria 'De Caen His Excellency' - red
Anemone coronaria 'De Caen Sylphide' - hot pink
Anemone coronaria 'De Caen Bride' - white
Anemone coronaria 'St. Brigid' - double flowered

Problems

Anemone bulbs are easy to grow. They are not attractive to deer and other pests. Leaf spot and rhizome rot can occur, especially in very wet conditions.

From the Victorian Gardener

For a Victorian evaluation of these popular flowers, read Poppy Anemone and Windflower.

Anemone Bulbs